Centre for Local GOVERNANCE ADVOCACY

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EFFUTU

DISTRICT PROFILE
Winneba is traditionally known as ‘Simpa’,which was derived from the name of the leader of the Effutus ‘Osimpa’ who led the Effutus of the Guan ethnic stock from the Northern part of Ghana to the present location. The name Winneba originated from European Sailors who were often aided by favourable wind to sail along the bay. From the constant use of the words ‘windy bay’; the name Winneba was coined. The town was one of the first communities in the country to come in contact with European traders, it served as a port where foreign goods were discharged and transported to the interior and major commercial areas such as Agona Swedru and Akim-Oda. Due to its role as harbor town and a place of early European settlers, it became the administrative capital of the then Central Province of the Gold Coast. The cocoa boom in the forest areas led to the relocation of major trading companies in the 1940s to Agona Swedru and this affected the growth of the town. The township suffered even greater loss when the Tema Harbour was completed. The port activities at Winneba were thus shut down and relocated to Tema. With that, most of the commercial activities also shifted from Winneba to Tema and Accra.

Assembly Members (26)

Male( 22)
Female(4)

ADMINISTRATIVE BACKGROUND
The Assembly was established by the Local Government Act (Act 462) and by L.I.1860 in 2007. Winneba, the administrative capital of the Municipality, is renowned for its major specialized institutions of higher learning. The Municipal Assembly is made up of twenty-eight Assembly persons and this comprises; the Municipal Chief Executive, Eighteen (18) Elected persons, Eight (8) Government Appointed members and one (1) Member of Parliament. Out of the twenty-eight (28) members, only four (4), representing 14%are women; thus 2 elected and 2 appointed. The Effutu Municipal Assembly was carved from the then Awutu-Effutu-Senya-District Assembly. It is sandwiched by Gomoa East district on its Western, Northern and Eastern flanks. The southern flank is the Gulf of Guinea. It covers a total land area of 64 square kilometers. It is located between latitudes 5°16’ and 20.18”N and longitudes 0°32’ and 48.32’’W of the eastern part of Central Region.

LOCATION AND SIZE
The Effutu Municipal Assembly was carved from the then Awutu-Effutu-Senya District Assembly, and was established by L.I 1860. It covers a total land area of 95 square kilometers. It is sandwiched by Gomoa East District Assembly on its Western, Northern Eastern flanks. On the Southern flank is the Gulf of Guinea. The administration capital is Winneba, a town renowned for its several specialized major institutions of higher learning.

POPULATION
According to the 2010 Population and Housing Census (PHC), the Municipality had a population of 68,597 which is made up of 32,795 males; representing 48% and 35,802 females; representing 52% and representing 3.1% of the total population of 2,201,863 in the Central Region. The population above 18 years is 41,882; representing 61.1% out of which the male population is 19,623 (46,9%) and the female population is 22,259 (53.1%). It had 17,121 households and with an average household size of 3.6. The urban population constitutes 63, 969; representing 93.3%, with 4,628 representing 6.7% residing in the rural areas. In 2000, the population was 46,574 made up of 21,346 (45.83%) males and 25,508 (54.77%) females. In 1970 and 1984 the population of the Municipality was 32,315 and 32,523 respectively. The growth rate for the Municipality for 2000 and 1984 represents 2.2%.Winneba with a population of 40,017 is the only urban settlement. Other big settlements in the Municipality are Sankor, Gyangyanadze, Gyahadze, Nsuekyir, Ateitu, Osubonpanyin and Warabeba.Winneba, .

MUNICIPAL ECONOMY
The Municipal Assembly is laying emphasis on a solid infrastructure base to stimulate significant investment towards the growth of the local economy.



D.C.E. - Hon. John B. Ninson
                 source:www.mofep.gov.gh/publications/composite-budget-2015 and other sources

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