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Environmental Issues and Geospatial Intelligence in Ghana




Environmental Issues and Geospatial Intelligence in Ghana

Environment is the sum total of all surroundings of a living organism, including natural forces and other living things, which provide conditions for development and growth as well as of danger and damage. Ghana is still confronted with serious and complex environmental challenges, despite the various interventions by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), government and other stakeholders over the years. These challenges include waste management, illegal mining, logging, deforestation, noise, water pollution and air pollution.

Waste management:
In Ghana, serious problems in waste management exist. Choked gutters, dead lagoons, polluted beaches, disease outbreaks and the stench that never seems to leave certain neighborhoods have become part of Ghana’s landscape. 

Illegal mining:

Illegal mining activities have caused a great harm to our environment.The extraction of these minerals have been done without caring about the effects and dangers this may have on trees, birds, animals, and even individuals in the various mining communities.  The activities of illegal miners also release toxic substances into the rivers, causing a lot of diseases to many people.

Deforestation:
In Ghana, the reason behind the cutting down of trees is usually for charcoal, pasture for livestock, farms, urban or industrial purposes.  Deforestation is part of the damages mining causes to the environment. It involves the clearing of the forest leading to cutting down of trees, to enable miners accomplish their mission, of extracting minerals.
 
Air pollution:
Air pollution involves the contamination of the atmosphere. Forest fires, volcanic eruption, wind erosion, pollen dispersal, evaporation of organic compounds, and natural radioactivity are all among the natural causes of air pollution whereas bush burning, automobile exhaust emissions, combustion of fossil fuels and release of nitrogen dioxide into the air constitute human induced pollution.

CLGA in promoting efficient and effective local governance focuses strongly on issues relating to the environment in the spirit of ensuring sustainable development. Local governments are capacitated through CLGA and donor initiatives to promote environmental sustainability. CLGA is partnering with the CGIS - a Centre which specializes in Geographical Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS) and General Spatial Technology Research in helping MMDAs tap the huge potential in GPS in environmental management.





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